Monthly Archives: June 2016

Print What is a Catalytic Converter and How They Work

A catalytic converter, A.K.A catalytic oxidizer, is a component that is found within the exhaust system of an automobile.

The duty of the catalytic converter is to burn hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide to generate nitrogen. It does this by utilizing rhodium/palladium and platinum as catalysts, and at the same time it decreases the nitrogen oxides. This means that, it splits the oxygen atom instead of adding it. This procedure helps in reducing smog and toxic tailpipe discharges.

In the year 1968, within the United States, new rules were implemented about automobile emissions and that was when catalytic converters all of a sudden became widespread in every state. Now it’s being utilized in almost every automobile around the world. Catalytic converters can’t operate where there is lead. Therefore, it’s introduction eradicated leaded gasoline. You’ll also discover that catalytic converters are used in industrial developments to decrease all the unsafe emissions. But it’s more common in vehicles.

The byproducts of a vehicle engine are:

Water
Nitrogen (only some)
Carbon dioxide

This is similar to the chemical output of animals. In practice, though, the combustion procedure within an engine has never been 100% effective as it creates leftover unburned hydrocarbons.

Before the 1960s, these emissions were just permitted to be set free into the air, but it was later realized that it is a public environmental health danger.

Now, if a catalytic converter is fixed to the tailpipe of a vehicle, it rapidly dissolves a very hefty percentage of the leftover unburnt hydrocarbons, and the outcome is a much cleaner emission. But, because the catalytic converter needs to operate at a high speed to catch the unburnt hydrocarbons before it goes out of the tailpipe, this now puts a limit on how effective the oxidation procedure can be.

Over the years the carbon monoxide emissions of automobiles have become clean, and this’s due to the growing superiority of catalytic converters. The difficult part though is,how to lowering CO2 (carbon dioxide) emissions. The reason for this is due to the fact that carbon dioxide cannot be dissolved into something more harmless. It’s an acknowledged greenhouse gas and it contributes to global warming.

Catalytic converters in vehicles operate at a high temperature of around 750 degrees F or 400 degrees C.

Catalytic converters within the industry can sometimes be larger than those utilized in vehicles and it’s also much hotter.

There’re some standard mechanisms of catalytic converters, and they’re:

1) Heat exchanger
2) Catalytic bed – this takes the form of either a honeycombed ceramic or ceramic beads concealed in the catalyst.
3) A line burner

Check your Tire Pressure and Increase Your Gas Mileage

 

Devoting a little effort and time to ensure that your tires are road worthy always pay dividends in issues of safety. The professionals say the first step you ought to take is to ensure that your tires are accurately inflated.

According to the NHTSA (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration), under inflated tires have a hand in more than 700 death toll and 34,000 injuries yearly. Ensuring that you have a proper tire pressure will assure your safety on your next trip. Here are some upkeep guidelines from the world’s largest wheel and tire retailers

Proper Tire Pressure

Low tire pressure can reduce fuel economy. The tires might lose up to a pound per square inch monthly. The particular inflation pressure figure can be located on the placard of the vehicle which is located on the side door post of the driver, fuel door, glove box door, or within the owner’s manual. Custom wheels and tires might alter normal air pressure specification, so if your tire is customized, have a specialist check them out.

Do not Overload Vehicle

Overloading reduces fuel economy because of increased cargo weight and wind drag. Braking and handling control are also impacted negatively.

Rotate Before You Leave

Consistent rotation helps to accomplish uniform tire wear, thus improving road performance. By rotating your Tires every 6,000 to 8,000 miles,your tires will have a longer life and also you’re maximizing your tire investment.

Straighten Up

Accurate wheel alignment offers safe, predictable control of a vehicle and assists tires to last longer and wear evenly.

Bald Tires Is not Beautiful

An absence of tread will affect the ability of the tire to grip the road. Make sure your tires do not have uneven wear, low or high spots or abnormally smooth regions that can reduce traction and intensify the risk of road mishaps.

A Five-Minute Tire Fix

Checking your tread and tire pressure to ensure a proper tire pressure is easy and can pay huge dividends in matters of fuel handling and economy. Do not go by appearances. Make use of a tire gauge to examine it since a tire may be 50% under inflated and not appear flat.

Always try to check tire pressure monthly and before any long trip to ensure a proper tire pressure. Make use of the vehicle manufacturer’s endorsed tire pressure.

Furthermore, check your tire’s tread depth by making use of the “penny test.” Insert the head of Abe Lincoln’s, upside down within the tread. If his entire head becomes visible, it is time to get the tire replaced.